Newborn Development 0-3 Months
Do you enjoy spending time with your Newborn but don’t know if your baby is hitting all the milestones?
Keep reading and find out about the Newborn Development of your 0-3 Month Old!
In today’s society, everyone feels the urge to be the best. To work the hardest. To prove our worthiness. We feel even more pressured with all these things when it comes to being a mommy. Not only does everyone expect us to be „the best“, but they also frequently check-in to see if our newborn baby develops in the best way possible.
Isn’t it crazy how pressured we feel whenever someone asks about our babies?
- „Did your baby start sitting yet?“
- „Can your baby crawl already?“
- „When do you think your baby will start walking?“
- „What was your baby’s first word?“
Sure, not everyone knows about the impacts of these questions. And not every mom feels pressured when being asked. All I know is, I for sure did. But what I learned in the past months of being a Mommy, every Baby develops in a very different way and pace!
So there is absolutely no reason to feel pressured with any of the „milestones“ I’m going to talk about. These are just approximated estimates. Just because your baby may haven’t reached any of these to the given time, does not mean they are behind in their development. Every baby is different. Some are faster, some a slower. The only person that can give you real advice, is your pediatrician. So if you feel uncertain about something, ask for further information or help.
Although every baby develops differently, it’s still important to know what to look out for. So today I will be sharing the expected Newborn Development Of A 0-3-Month-Old.
Since there has been a lot of progress going on in the womb, the hearing of your baby is fully developed and quite sensitive already. If you want to find out if everything is normal, you may clap your hands or make sounds in front of your infant. They should react with a blink or a little jump.
By now, the hearing of your baby becomes better and they will be able to differentiate between frequently heard voices. Make sure to regularly talk (or sing) to your baby to get them used to your voice
At around 3 months, babies usually start to recognize a parent’s voice. You can even have a „conversation“ whenever you hear your baby’s babble. If your baby makes a sound, repeat it and wait for their response. They can also learn a lot about tone and pace by listing to you while talking to another person. Feel free to mix in some sentences in a higher-pitched voice. This all may seem early, but you are helping your baby with their first words.
Although an infant’s vision is still very fuzzy, they should be able to slightly focus better within a month. Of course, they can’t see too far yet, but around 30 cm / 12 inches would be a normal development. Some newborns are now beginning to follow moving objects with their head and eyes.
Funny fact, infants fully forget about an object once it disappears out of their sight. At around 3 months, they can remember toys shown to them previously. Once they turn 9 months old, they should remember more detailed information, like where specific toys are around the house.
Your newborn now starts telling apart different colors. However, babies still prefer bright and clear colors, as well as bold designs and shapes. They can now see everything around 60 cm / 23 inches from their face. You can encourage your baby by showing bright pictures with different shapes on them.
Babies are now able to spot familiar faces even at distance. Actually, human faces are one of their favorite things to look at. You can also install a baby-safe mirror on their eye level and watch them discover themselves. Your newborn’s hand-eye coordination will be developed a little further. So eventually they will start to reach for objects in front of them. Take a walk in the stroller around the neighborhood and let them discover their environment.
- Movement & Awareness
Did you know that infants don’t even know that they are a separate person from you? They have no sense of that until they are around a month old. That’s the time they usually discover their legs and arms, often just by accident. Just don’t expect any planned arm/leg coordination for a few more weeks/months.
- Head Control
Your infant’s neck muscle is still very weak by that point. However, some newborns are able to briefly hold their head up during tummy time or while being held. Some overachievers may even turn the head from one side to the other.
Your baby might start rolling around now. Not fully from back to front or front to back, but some noticeable moves may happen. So keep a close eye on them while changing their diaper.
- Head Control
Most babies have enough muscle strength in their necks to hold their head up for short periods during tummy time.
- Grasping & Unclasping
All babies are born with a grasping reflex, the only problem, they don’t know how to let go of things right from the beginning. So make sure to keep an elastic around for your hair. However, around that time they may start to unclasp their fists more often.
You may notice that your newborn’s movements are a little less hectic and more coordinated. Babies normally start kicking out their legs and arms more often while lying on their backs. It’s a great exercise that will help strengthen their legs!
Tummy time now becomes an important part of your baby’s daily routine. Their neck muscle is getting stronger with each day and it will also help develop motor skills that are needed for movement. If they don’t like it at all, sit right next to them. Either way, don’t leave them unsupervised in early stages since they can’t hold their head up long enough to save themselves from nose-in mat situations.
Finally, the time has come that your baby does not longer accidentally „smiles“ at you. They will actually start to grins as a response to your smile.
By three months, your baby will start to develop a sense of the things around them. They will also develop a sense of touch. Offer them objects with different textures to play with. You should also incorporate some skin-to-skin contact. It does not only help with bonding but also gives your baby a lot of comforts if they are upset.
A great way to do that would be a baby massage. Just take some baby-safe oil of your choice and rub it on your baby’s skin while talking to them in a soft voice. They will feel loved and get very comfortable. A big bonus: They will most likely sleep much better afterward.
Babies will be in full action around this time. They will move their arms and legs around in a more coordinated manner. Their joints are getting stronger and they will actually learn to kick their legs.
- Cause & Effect
You may notice your baby managed to grab a toy by accident before. Well, now they will actually begin to learn the basics of cause and effect. This means: Whenever they hit or touch something, it moves. I read that a baby’s brain makes thousands of connections EVERY second. It feels like you can almost see those connections emerge while they focus on something new.
How To Support Your Newborn’s Development
- Make sure to contain a lot of eye contact.
- Talk to your newborn, even if they don’t understand you, the sound of your voice will not only soothe them but also help with their language skills.
- Move a bright and noisy toy (like a rattle) across their vision line so they can follow it with their eyes.
- Get or craft a baby mobile, so they can practice their tracking skills and learn to focus.
- Talk to your newborn even more, but now, give them some time to “answer”. I found out that Babies whose parents allow them to respond learn to talk earlier.
- Don’t be embarrassed to talk to your baby in public. Just comment on whatever you are doing, this way they can learn about speech during their limited awake time.
- A Baby Gym is a great way to support their development. They can practice reaching for any hanging toys.
- They might be able to hold objects for a few seconds. So go ahead and place toys of different materials in their hands, like a rattle or a crinkly toy. Watch out for their reaction when it makes a noise.
- If you already tried a baby gym and your newborn didn’t like it, try again. Chances are they start enjoying it more now.
- Read to your baby, every day. It will help with their language development.
- Place toys in front of your baby’s face and let them reach for it. This will actually help develop their hand-eye coordination.
Resources I used for my own research:
Read my other Posts about Baby Development:
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